Electricity generation by source – Canada

Where does Canada get its electricity from? Though it is a desperately oil dependent country, its sources of electricity are fairly green. The bulk of electricity is produced by hydro-electric dams, followed by nuclear energy. Nuclear isn’t totally green — and there are other criticisms against it — but it is a low-carbon source. The share of coal in the energy mix has declined considerably in the last ten years as Ontario has retired all its coal generators, despite rising energy needs. The increase in electricity demand has been satisfied mostly by the growth of ‘new’ reneawables — biomass combustion and wind turbines, with solar playing only a modest role. Yet there is not license here for Canada to rest on its laurels — to reach its 2030 emission reduction goals, fossil fuels must be retired entirely from the electricity sector.

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